What Is The Former And The Latter Rain?

That I will give you the rain of your land in his due season, the first rain and the latter rain, that thou mayest gather in thy corn, and thy wine, and thine oil. (Deuteronomy 11:14 KJV)

Sound of abundance of rain showing a heart in rain

Rain in ancient Israel played a crucial agricultural role: it was a matter of life or death, plenty or famine, wealth or poverty. Even more important, the idea of rain—former and latter—had profound spiritual significance, first to Israel and then to us.

The rainy season in Palestine extends from October to April. The Israelites identified two critical times in this season: the beginning and end of the rainy season. The beginning period was called the early or former rain (Hebrew yoreh) and typically lasted from Mid-October to early November (fall rains); the end was called the latter rains and typically lasted from late March to early April.

Besides their critical timing, the former and the latter rains had distinct agricultural roles. The former rain, which ends the dry season and starts the rainy season, prepares the ground for plowing and sowing. In contrast, the latter rains provide the moisture that matures the grains and prepares them for harvest. So, the former rain is associated with preparation and the latter with harvest.

The spiritual significance of this simple concept is vital. The rain is God’s blessing, as His Word or Spirit.  The ground represents people’s hearts. The early rain means God’s work on our hearts, breaking up the fallow grounds and making our hearts soft. The latter rain represents His work of maturing His Church and preparing us for the great harvest. Furthermore, God promises to give both the former and the latter rain in the same month. 

Let it rain, Lord!

Meditate

What are the differences in the rainy season, the former rain and the latter in ancient Israel?

Apply the Word

Can you see God’s purpose for pouring out His Spirit from this idea of the early and latter rains? Ask Him for rain.

Pray

Ask the Father for the former and latter rain in the same month.

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Bonnie Bidwell
Bonnie Bidwell
4 days ago

I’m confused … the text says that God promises both in the same month … and it even suggests that we call out for it … but your comment says that it’s not normal OR possible for both to come in the same month. I must be missing something so I remain confused

Bonnie Bidwell
Bonnie Bidwell
3 days ago
Reply to  Patrick Oben

Bingo! I got it now! thanks so much for your patience and time!

Bonnie Bidwell
Bonnie Bidwell
5 days ago

what is the significance of getting both of the rains in the same month